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高中英语几种基本句型结构分析

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发表于 2017-10-10 17:57:36 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
句型结构在高中英语考试中虽然不会作为考点存在,但是每一个考点都会涉及到句型结构的内容,如果同学们不熟悉高中英语句型结构的话在做题的时候会遇到很多问题。本篇文章整理的是高中英语几种基本句型结构分析,以下内容可以当做同学们分析英语短文和句式的参考。
    1.高中英语常用句型—疑问句
    型结构︰问句:What+be 动词+this(that„)?
    答句:This(that„)+be 动词+a book(pen„)。
    结构︰问句:What are+these/those„?
    答句:These/Those are+复数名词(+s/es)。
    结构︰问句:What+be 动词+主词(人)„? 答句:主词+be 动词+a student„。
    2.高中英语常用句型—引导的倒装句
    表示―另一者也如此‖,即前者的情况也适用于后者,用so, neither/ nor 引导的倒装句,助动词的选择依据前一句的谓语动词。 具体例子如下:
    1). He has finished his homework, so have I.
    2). My sister prefers coffee, so do I.
    3). John can’t ride a bicycle, neither/ nor can I.
    4). If he buys the book, so will his classmates.
    3.高中英语常用句型—状语从句
    so/ such……..that…….引导结果状语从句时须注意 :
    [1] 当名词前有many, much, little, few修饰时, 用so不用such因为此时的中心词不再是名词,而是many, much, little, few这些表示数量的词。
    1). The westerners eat so much fat and sugar that they put on weight easily.
    2). There are so few fish in the lake that we couldn’t fish them easily.
    [2] 当名词是单数可数名词,前面又有adj.修饰时,注意冠词的位置,即so+ adj +a(n)+n 或such+ a(n) + adj.+ n 1). He is such an honest person / so honest a person that you can depend on him when you are in trouble.
    [3] 当so/such引导的部分位于句首时,主句要用部分倒装结构
    1). Such great progress has he made in his studies that we all admire him.
    [4] 当主从句主语一致时可与动词不定式相互转换,即变成so/such…….as to do结构。
    1).The westerners eat so much fat and sugar as to put on weight easily.
    4.高中英语常用句型—目的状语从句和结果状语从句
    so that 引导目的状语从句与结果状语从句
    so that引导目的状语从句时常与情态动词连用(= in order that),当主从句主语一致时可转换为so as to do/ in order to do.
    1). He turned up the radio a little so that he could hear the news clearly. He turned up the radio a little so as to hear the news clearly.
    2). He closed all the windows while driving so that he shouldn’t catch cold.(否定句中情态动词用shouldn’t)
    [2] so that 引导结果状语从句一般不与情态动词连用。
    进入高三学习的学生要面临2018年高考,认真进行备考是高考生取得好成绩的关键,希望本篇文章整理的内容可以帮助到各位同学。
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