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学好高中英语课本四部曲

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发表于 2017-11-29 20:08:21 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
学好英语是绝大多数人的美好愿望,但苦于没有好的方法,效果总是不尽如人意。希望这篇文章能够对你的英语学习起到帮助。
    一. 学英语之前的准备必不可少
    1. 对照。
    根据教材译文(参考书上一般会有译文),将英汉两种语言逐篇逐句逐词进行认真对照,从中领会每个单词的意思,对已经划线和能够明白含义的生词先撇下不管,对不明白意思的生词就靠对照方法,查出英文生词的汉语意思,实在查不出的,就依据译文意思进行猜测,并用汉字标注在英文生词下面,然后再将答案全记在思考、练习、测试题的后面。这样比起用字典一个一个查生词、一点一点苦苦思考不会的难题要简单省事得多,自然就节省了许多时间和力气。
    2. 划线。
    每篇课文后的生词分单词、词组、地名人名三部分,可以将它们从课文中全部找出,并分别在单词下划上单横线、词组下划上弯曲线、地名人名下划上双横线,以表示这些生词在课文后就有,以免日后在读课文时,再胡乱猜测、到处查找。
    3. 浏览。
    将书从头到尾看一遍,懂不懂、难不难、会不会先别管它,只是为了增强感性认识而已。
    二. 学英语过程中必须要理解
    1. 细读。
    将每个章节细细品读,力求对每个词句都做到真正理解。
    2. 粗读。
    将新书内容简单地粗读一遍,对不认识的生词反复阅读几遍,记住它到底由哪几个字母组成,以便增加印象,日后再屡次碰到它时,自然就会认识了。先将难题甩下,不被难题困扰,以免从一开始就产生畏难情绪。
    3. 摘记。
    要学会自我加工、压缩和简化内容,将重点内容以只要肉眼能够看得见的小字体,集中摘记在书的前后,便于一眼明了,和教材一样长期保存。
    4. 精读。
    认真阅读书中每个字句,甚至序跋,将难题认真思考,逐一解决,力求真正掌握,不留半点疑问。
    三. 练习听读也很重要
    1. 光听。
    把书扔到一边,集中全部精力,屏心静气地听磁带中的人物宣读。
    2. 看听。
    一边看教材,一边听磁带,认真听磁带中的自读者是怎样发音的,心里跟着默默阅读。
    3. 单读。
    不听磁带,只拿着书自己阅读。
    4. 朗颂。
    拿着教材,自己逐篇大声朗读课文,仔细较正自己的口型和发音,寻找正确的感觉。
    5. 听读。
    拿着书,一边听磁带,一边跟着大声阅读。
    四. 好好复习准备考试
    1. 背诵。
    考试前注重抓语法知识和单词两个重点,快要考试前十天左右,拼命背诵单词、语法和摘记。
    2. 回顾。
    在考试前一天,将全书内容像过电影似的在脑中认真过滤一遍,最终达到全面理解,融会贯通。
    3. 做题。
    考试前四、五天左右,把教材和同步辅导/训练中的思考、练习和测试题挨个做一遍,以提高自己的应试能力。
    每日听力-文字稿
    The wedding tradition of “something old, something new, somethingborrowed, something blue” has been around for hundreds of years. Manybrides have been asked on their respective wedding days if they havegathered something old, new, borrowed and blue to carry with them asthey walk down the aisle. The tradition of carrying or wearing one ofeach item is said to bring luck and fortune to the newly marriedcouple. Have you ever stopped to think what the saying really means?What is its origin and what does each item represent?
    The original saying dates back to the Victoria times and states,“Something old, something new, something borrowed, something blue and asilver sixpence in your shoe.”
    Something old... A bride may wear or carry something old torepresent her continued ties to her family and her old life. Manybrides wear a piece of family jewelry as their old item. Some brideswear the wedding dress worn by their mother or grandmother. In manycases, something old may also be something borrowed.
    Something new... Wearing something new is su-pposed to representsuccess and hope in the bride’s new life and in her marriage. If thebride purchased her wedding dress new, it may represent her new item,but any item that is new may be used. Something “new” is usually theeasiest category1 to fill.
    Something borrowed... The borrowed item should be somethingborrowed from a friend that is happily married. It is suggested thattheir happiness will rub off on2 you and bring lasting happiness toyour marriage. Some brides borrow an item of clothing, a piece ofjewelry, a handkerchief or perhaps a beaded purse.
    Something blue... Wearing something blue dates back to biblical3times when a blue wedding dress was worn to represent purity, fidelity4and love. Over time this has changed from wearing a blue dress towearing just a blue band around the bottom of the bride’s wedding dressto modern times -- where it is commonplace for the bride to wear a bluegarter5.
    Silver sixpence... Placing a silver sixpence in the bride’s leftshoe is said to be a symbol of wealth. This not only refers tofinancial wealth, but also a wealth of happiness and joy throughout hermarried life. Since most brides probably don’t even know what asixpence is, this part of the tradition is not used very often inmodern times. However, if a bride would like to include it in herwedding, she can purchase a silver sixpence from many companies thatsell bridal supplies such as garters and invitations.
    Some brides are more traditional than other and may take a greatdeal of care in selecting one item for each category. It may betraditional for the women in their families to wear the same piece ofjewelry.
    Other brides aren’t bound by tradition but still may choose tocarry out the custom at someone else’s request. If they don’t want tocarry numerous items, they may simply carry two handkerchiefs in asmall beaded bag -- they may choose to buy a new, white handkerchiefand borrow a blue one from a family member. That would provide themwith something new -- the white handkerchief, as well as something thatis old, borrowed and blue -- the blue handkerchief. The handkerchiefjust may come in handy6 during the wedding for drying their joyfultears!
   
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