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高考英语单项选择典型“雷人题”五十例

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发表于 2016-6-27 12:22:44 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
  “雷”是时下很流行的网络用语,常常指非常令人惊讶和意外的语言、事情。其实,在高考当中为了迷惑高考学生增加考题难度系数,出题者可谓煞费苦心,同样也精心编制了令我们看完答案后感到很意外的“雷人型”试题。对于大量做题形成惯性思维的学生,这种“雷人型”试题往往杀伤力很大,笔者就此类 “雷人型”试题进行总结剖析。
  下面是一些比较典型的“雷人型”题目,请大家做做看:
  1. Mr. Wang made up his mind to devote all he could ____ his oral English before going abroad.
  A. improve B. to improve C. improving D. to improving
  2. Everything he ____ away from him before he returned to his hometown.
  A. took B. had been taken C. had had been taken D. had taken
  3. Before he went abroad, he spent as much time as he ____ English.
  A. could learning B. learned C. to learn D. could learn
  4. You can never imagine what great difficulty I have _____ your house.
  A. found B. finding C. to find D. for finding
  5. The person we spoke to ____ no answer at first.
  A.making B.makes C.make D.made
  6. The person we referred to(提及)____ us a report tomorrow.
  A.giving B.will give C.gave D.give
  7. The days we have been looking forward to ____ soon.
  A.coming B.will come C.came D.have come
  8. The person we talked about ____ our school last week.
  A.visiting B.will visit C.visited D.has visited
  9. The man whose songs we are fond of ____ in our city next week.
  A.singing B.to sing C.will sing D.sang
  10. Not only ____ the jewelry she ____ been sold for her son's gambling debts but also her house.
  A.is;has B.has;had C.has;has D./;has   
  11. ______ in thought, he almost ran into the car in front of him. (NMET96)
  A. Losing B. Having lost C. Lost D. To lose
  12.The research is so designed that once ____ nothing can be done to change it. (NMET2002)
  A. begins B. having begun C. beginning D. begun
  13. ---What do you think made the woman so upset?
  --- _____ weight.(1997上海试题)
  A. As she put on B. Put on C. Putting on D. Because of putting on
  14. Time should be made good use of ____ our lessons well.
  A. learning B. learned C. to learn D. having learned
  15. Can _____ be in the desk _____ you have put my letter?
  A. it;which B.I;Where C. you;in which D. it;that
  16. Never _____ time come back again.
  A. has lost B. will lose C. will lost D. lose
  17.--- ____ was it ____ they discovered the entrance to the underground palace?
  --- Totally by chance.
  A. What, that B. How, that C. When, how D. Where, that
  18. I have nothing to confess. ____ you want me to say?
  A. What is it that B. What it is what C. How is it that D. How it is that
  19. Is this factory _____ you visited the other day?
  A. the one B. that C. where D. when
  20. Was it _____ she heard with her ears _____ really made her frightened?
  A. what;that B. it;that C. that;which D. what;/        
  21. _____ what the six blind men said sounded!
  A. How foolishly B. How foolish C. What foolishly D. What foolish
  22. It was _____ the old clock that the old man spent the whole morning at home.
  A. repair B. repairing C. to repair D. in repair
  23. Is this hotel _____ you said we were to stay in your letter?
  A. that B. where C. the one D. in which
  24. Please tell me the way you thought of ___ the garden.
  A. take care of B. to take care of
  C. taking care of D. how to take care of
  25. A fast food restaurant is the place ____, just as the name suggests, eating is performed quickly.
  A. which B. where C. there D. what
  26. The film brought the hours back to me ______ I was taken good care of in that far-away village.
  A. until B. that C. when D. where
  27. The professor has written another book ____ of great importance to computer science. A. which I think it is B. and I think is
  C. which I think is D. when I think is
  28. —Where do you think _____ he _____ the computer? —Sorry,I have no idea.
  A. had;bought B. has;bought C. did;buy D./;bought
  29. We should do more such exercises in the future, I think, _____ those we did yesterday.
  A. as B. like C. about D. than
  30. He will tell you _____ he expects will win such a match.
  A. why B. whom C. which D. who     
  31. In New Zealand, I made lots of friends ___ a very practical knowledge of the English language.
  A. get B. to get C. getting D. got
  32. I'm busy now. I'm sorry I can't help ____ the flowers.
  A. watering B. watered C. waters D. to water
  33. Who would you rather _____ the report instead of you?
  A. have write B. have to write C. write D. have written
  34. We must stop pollution _____ longer.
  A. living B. from living C. to live D. live
  35. ---Was it under the tree ____ you were away talking to a friend?
  --- Sure. But when I got back there, the bike was gone.
  A. that B. where C. which D. while
  36. Not far from the club there was a garden, ____ owner seated in it playing bridge with his children every afternoon.
  A. whose B. its C. which D. that
  37. Wang ling was elected ____ all he is the tallest.
  A. because B. because of C. for D. as
  38. We’ll be free tomorrow, so I suggest ____ to the history museum.
  A. to visit B. visiting C. we should visit D. a visit
  39. I like swimming, while what my brother enjoys ____.
  A. cooking B. to cook C. is cooking D. cook
  40. Thank you for the trouble you have ____ to help me.
  A. paid B. taken C. had D. asked   
  41. Who is it up _____ decide whether to go or not?
  A. to to B. for for C. to for D. for to
  42. We keep in touch ____ writing often.
  A. with B. of C. on D. by
  43. --- How long have you been here?
  --- _____ the end of last month.
  A. In B. By C. At D. Since
  44. You should treat him (in) the way ____ suits him most.
  A. that B. in which C. / D. why
  45. He insisted that the sky ____ clear up the following day.
  A. would B. should C./ D. be
  46. He is a strict but kind-hearted father, ____ the children respect but are afraid of. A. / B. that C. for whom D. one whom
  47. Mr. Smith is _____ a good teacher _____ we all respect.
  A. such; that B. such; as C. so; that D. so; as
  48. Please make my excuse at tomorrow’s meeting--- I’ve got too much work _____.
  A. to do to come B. doing coming C. to do coming D. doing to come
  49. --- You haven’t been to Beijing, have you?
  -- _____. And how I wish to go there again!
  A. Yes, I have B. Yes, I haven’t C. No, I have D. No, I haven’t
  50. He was sentenced to death _____ what he has stolen from the bank.
  A. that B. since C. because D. because of      
  简析:
  1.此题中包含固定短语devote…to,其中to 为介词,后面应接定名词。动词devote后接的宾语为all,all又为先行词,后又包含一个定语从句:he could (do)。此题很容易误以为could后应接动词原形,而易选为A。答案为D。
  2.此题应该首先把句子结构分析清楚。句中Everything既作句子的主语,又作先行词,后接定语从句(that) he had,而had been taken 是过去完成时的被动态作句子的谓语。此题的意思为“在他返回家乡之前,他所有的一切都被拿走了”。故选C。
  3.此题中包含句型结构spend … (in) doing sth., 其中题中spent的宾语为much time , much time作为先行词,后又接定语从句he could (spend)。故选A。
  4.题中difficulty为先行词,后接定语从句(that) I have ,实际上构成一个固定句型:have difficulty (in) doing sth.。因为in 可以省略,所以选B。
  5.此题中也包含一个定语从句we spoke to,the person既作先行词,又作句子的主语,要填入的应该是句子的谓语,根据句子的需要,应选过去时。本题中的to为陷阱,实际上它属于定语从句中,而不影响主句的谓语动词。故D正确。
  6.同上题一样,句中包含定语从句we referred to,所缺成份为句子的谓语,又根据句中的tomorrow,故用将来时。选B。
  7.同理,此句中的定语从句包含短语look forward to,虽然to 为介词,但并不影响主句的谓语动词,只是一个陷阱而矣。又根据句中的soon,应用将来时,故选B。
  8.同样,句中包含的定语从句we talked about中about虽为介词,但不影响主句的谓语,又根据后面的时间状语为last week,故应选C。
  9.此句也包含定语从句whose songs we are fond of,其中of 虽为介词,但不影响主句的谓语动词,而句中时间状语为next week,故选C。
  10.此题中由于Not only 置于句首,故用部分倒装结构。第一个has助动词,是句中谓语动词has been sold中has的提前。第二个has为实义动词,属于定语从句中,表示“有”的意思。本句的意思为:不但是她所有的珠宝,而且还有她的房子一起已经被卖掉作为她儿子的赌债了。答案为C。
  11.此题为省略句。Lost in thought 相当于Because he was lost in thought。短语be lost in 表状态,表示“陷入……”。故选C。
  12.此题也为省略句。连词once后省略了主语the search,从句“once begun”相当于“once the search is begun”。答案为D。
  13.此题也是一个省略回答,完整的回答是:Putting on weight made the woman so upset。 用动名词短语作主语。故选C。
  14.此题选C,考查的是不定式做目的状语。此句是利用被动结构设置陷阱。转化为主动态是:(We) should make good use of time to learn our lessons well。
  15.此题实际上是考查强调句型it…that…,只是用一般疑问句形式增加了难度而矣。故选D。
  16.本题考查的是倒装结构。正常语序为:Lost time will never come back again。其中lost 为过去分词作定语,表示“失去了的时间”。故选C。
  17.首先根据回答totally by chance可知,问句是问有关方式的问题,故第一空应填how;其次,问句是强调句型的一种特殊疑问句形式,强调的是方式状语how。故选B。
  18.此题实际上考查的也是强调句型的特殊疑问句形式,强调的是疑问词what。而答案B不是疑问语序。故选A。
  19.本题可以改为:This factory is _____ you visited the other day. 句中is 后面无表语,后面定语从句也没有先行词,故填入既做表语又做先行词的the one。所以答案为A。
  20.此题考查的是强调句型中又包含主语从句的情况。What she heard wither ears是由what引导的主语从句。第二空中的that则为强调句型中的that。故答案为A。
  21.此题为感叹句。句中有系动词sound,它后面应接形容词。该句可改为:What the six blind men said sounded foolish. 故选B。
  22本题仍考查的是强调句型。该句可还原为:The old man spent the whole morning at home (in) repairing the old clock。故选B。
  23.此题与第19题相比,19题中的visited 为及物动词,而本题中的stay为不及物动词,in your letter中的in 不可与stay 连用。此题可改为:This hotel is where you said we were to stay in your letter. 实际上是由where 引导的表语从句,而不可看作由the one 作先行词的定语从句。答案为B。
  24.此题是以插入语设置陷阱。you thought of 为插入语,不影响to take care of 作the way 的定语。答案为B。
  25.句中just as the name suggests是作插入语,把它去掉后发现是由where引导的定语从句,先行词为the place。故选B。
  26.同样,此句中定语从句的先行词the hours被back to me隔而矣。先行词在定语从句中充当状语。故选C。
  27.答案选C。I think是插入语。A答案中的it是多余的。
  28.此题中do you think是插入语。但在有do you think的特殊疑问句中,虽是疑问句,句子却要用陈述语序。故选D。
  29.本题中I think 是插入语。exercises 被more修饰,故应选than,构成比较结构more…than…。不能受such的影响而选了A。答案为D。
  30.此题中he expects为插入语。舍去后发现宾语从句中缺做人的主语who。故选答案D。
  31.该题中不可把made理解为使役动词,而误选A。实际上made lots friends意思是“交了很多朋友”,答案B是不定式to get在句中作目的状语。
  32.答案为D。此题中的can’t help 并不是表示“情不自禁做某事”的意思,根据上文是可知是表示“不能帮助做某事”,其结构为:can’t help (to) do。
  33.此题考查的是结构:have sb do sth.。可以把它变成陈述句来理解:I would rather have Tom write the report instead of you.再就Tom 提问就变成了Who(m) would you rather have write the report instead of you? 故选A。
  34.此题并不是考查我们熟悉的结构stop …(from) doing sth,而是不定式表目的,此句的意思为:我们必须阻止污染以便活得更长。故选C。
  35.此题很容易误以为是强调句型而选A。做好此题关键是正确理解句中的it的意思。从上下文的语境来看,it 应是代词,指代the bike,故用while 引导时间状语。句子可以理解为:“当你离开去同朋友谈话的时候,你的自行车是在这树下吗?”“当然,但当我回来时,自行车就不见了。”故选D。
  36.答案为B。此题关键是理解seated这个单词,它是过去分词,而不是作谓语的过去式。它不能在句中谓语。所以后面句子不是一个非限制性定语从句,而是一个独立主格结构,故选代词its。
  37.本题很容易误选为A。因为because后接句子。正确答案应为B。并不是考查because of 这个短语,而是of all“在所有的里”这个短语。句意为“Wand ling 被选取了是因为在所有的人里面他是最高的”。
  38.此题在特别注意小品词to, 我们知道visit为及物动词,后面不加to,而作名词时则可以。故选D。
  39.此题容易误选A。实际上what my brother enjoys是主语从句,不影响后面的成份。故选C。
  40.此题考查固定短语:take the trouble to do sth,表示“不辞辛劳地去做某事。”所以答案为B。
  41.答案为A。第一个to属于be up to这个短语,第二个to为不定式表目的状语。
  42.本题容易误选A。误以为是考查固定短语keep in touch with,其实考查由by作方式状语。答案为D。
  43.此题容易选A或B。以为是考查固定短语。答案为D。表示“自从上个月末以来”。
  44.此题中先行词the way 后面的定语从句中充当主语。故只能选A。如果先行词the way有从句中充当状语,则可以用that, in which或省略。
  45.此题中的insisted 作“坚持说,确信”,不用虚拟语气;只有作“坚持要求,坚持认为”时,才用虚拟语气。故选A。
  46.此题答案只能为D。替代词one在句中作同位语,代指father,后面再接一个定语从句。先行词one 又在从句中充当宾语。
  47.此题中要注意到及物动词respect后没有带宾语。故此句不是由such… that…引导的结果状语从句,而是由as 引导的定语从句。故答案为B。
  48.此题答案应为A。不定式to do 与have got much work 搭配,即have got much work to do(有许多工作要做);不定式to come 与much 前的too搭配,构成too…to…句式 。句意为“我有太多的工作要做,不能来”。
  49.注意题中最后一个单词again(看三遍!)。不要误选为D。答案应为A。全句的句意为“你没有去过北京,是不是?”“不,我去过。我多么想再一次去那里。”
  50.不要误选为C。实际上what 从句从本质上相当于一个名词。what he had stolen=the thing(s) that he had stolen。故选D。
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