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09高考英语专项复习:单项选择题及详解<3>

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发表于 2016-6-27 12:23:02 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
  1. —Waiter!
  —
  —I can’t eat this. It’s too salty.
  A. Yes, sir?       B. What?
  C. All right?      D. Pardon?
  选A。这是在餐馆里的会话。“Yes, sir?”意为“先生,什么事?”,yes用升调。
  2. I        the hobby of fishing as a child.
  A. built up       B. set up
  C. kept up       D. took up
  选D。本题主要考查短语动词意义的区别。built up 意为“树立,逐步建立”;set up意为“树立(榜样);创立;建立”;kept up 意为“坚持;继续;使不低落”; took up 意为“拿起;吸收;从事”。
  3. Jane’s pale face suggested that she      ill, and her parents suggested that she      medical examination.
  A. be; should have       B. was; have
  C. should be; have       D. was; has
  选B。当动词suggest作“建议”解时,后面的宾语从句用“(should) + 动词原形”;作“暗示;表明”解时用陈述语气。
  4. The poet and        pianist is going to give us a talk this afternoon.
  A. a   B. the     C. 不填     D. an
  选C。当and 并列的是同一事物、同一人或同一概念时,其后面的名词前不用冠词。若在pianist前加the,则是指the poet 和the pianist 两个人,而题目中的the poet and pianist 是指一个人,即这个人即是诗人又是钢琴家。
  5. —Hold the ladder for me!
  —That’s       .
  A. all    B. it    C. all right D. complete
  选B。本题我们极易错选A或C。That’s all 意思是“就这些”,表示讲话或文章的结束,而That’s all right 意思是“行;可以;没关系”。That’s it 为固定搭配,意思是“这正是所需要的”。
  6. —Have you nearly finished?
  —       , we have just begun.
  A. Above all       B. After all
  C. On the contrary  D. On the other hand
  选C。本题上文说“你们差不多快做完了吧?”,下文说“恰好相反,我们才刚刚开始哩”。
  7. I think you must be mistaken about seeing him at the theatre; I’m sure he       abroad all week.
  A. is    B. was    C. has been   D. had been
  选C。用现在完成时表示影响或结果,他整个星期都在国外,所以“你说你在剧院见到他,你一定是搞错了。”
  8. It knowledge is power,      Sir Francis Bacon wrote in 1579,      perhaps creativity ca be described as the ability to use that power.
  A. what; and       B. as; then
  C. which; and      D. that; then
  选B。as意为“像”,引起状语从句;由句子意义可知,then为“那么”之意。
  9. SARS is an illness that can result in death unless left      in time.
  A. to treat     B. treating
  C. treated      D. treat
  选C。本句中的treat 充当主语补足语,且与主语SARS之间为被动关系,故应选择过去分词。
  10. On the contrary, I think it is Truman,      you,  to blame.
  A. more than; are       B. less than; who are
  C. rather than; that is    D. rather than; is
  选C。本题为一强调句式,所以第二空必须用who 或that 引导一个从句,因而可排除A项和D项;rather than 意为“而不是”。
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发表于 2016-6-27 13:15:14 | 显示全部楼层

  11. —      do you like the film tonight?
  —Better than       .
  A. How; expected      B. What; expected
  C. How; to expect      D. What; to expected
  选A。How do you like sth. 认为某事如何; than expected 为than it is expected的省略式,意为“比预期的……”。
  12. Let’s keep to the point, or we     any decisions.
  A. will never reach    B. have never reached
  C. never reach       D. never reached
  选A。前一个分句是祈使句,后一个分句的谓语动词要用一般将来时,表示将要发生的事情。
  13. If you stand here, you’ll get a better      of the river.
  A. sight    B. view   C. scene   D. scenery
  选B。意思是“假如你站在这里,会对河流看得更清楚”。view在此处意为“视野”。
  14. He is taller than he        .
  A. used        B. used to be
  C. used to      D. used to do
  选B。学生在做该题时,极易选择C,原因是为了避免重复已经出现的动词,以不定式to来代替整个不定式结构,而正确的答案是B。如果在省略的动词不定式结构中含有be, have或have been,通常保留be, have been。又如:
  —Are you o holidays?   —你在度假吗?
  —No, but I’d like to be. —不是,但我倒愿意。
  15. The news       is spreading around the airport is        a heavy storm is coming.
  A. what; /       B. that; that
  C. /; that        D. that; which
  选B。本题主要考查从句中连接词语的用法。同位语从句及表语从句中的连接词that虽然没有任何意思,也不充当任何成分,但一般不能省略,因此本题答案选B。
  16. Our teacher is always busy preparing lessons until 11 o’clock at night,        we students have gone to sleep.
  A. that time       B. by which time
  C. by that time     D. which time
  选B。句意为“我们的老师总是忙着备课到晚上11点钟,那时我们已经睡了”。by意为“到……时(为止)”,which time 指代 “11 o’clock at night’。
  17. I think whoever makes      contributions to the company than the others should get      income.
  A. greater; a highest
  B. more greater; a higher
  C. greater; the highest
  D. more greater; the higher
  选C。more 不可修饰比较级,排除B和D。greater … than the others 是最高级意义,后面也用最高级,且最高前要用定冠词the。
  18. It is thought that one billion people I the world,  _    is half the word’s workers, earn their living by farming.
  A. if    B. that    C. which   D. what
  选B。句中“half the world’s workers”是对“one billion people in the world” 的补充说明, “that is”是 “that is to say”的省略说法,是插入语,that 并不是引导非限制性定语从句的,如果在 “that is”后加个逗号则更清楚,应选B。
  19.Hawking became world-famous in _______.
  A.his thirties in the 1970’s
  B.the thirties in his 1970
  C.his 30s in 1970’s
  D.the thirties during the 1970
  选A。in one’s thirties 在某人三十多岁时,in/during the 1970s意思是“在二十世纪七十年代”。
  20.---You should have thanked her before you left.
  ---I meant _______. But when I was leaving I couldn’t find her anywhere.
  A. to do  B. to  C. doing  D. doing so
  选B。本句中的meant意思是“本来打算”应该使用不定式。当与want, wish, hope, like, hate, try, have, ought, used, need, be able, be going, be glad, mean等连用时, to代替不定式结构以避免重复。  
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