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高考英语复习:英语作文高分秘诀素材汇总

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发表于 2016-6-27 12:24:07 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
  一、名人名言必背部分。
  在英语作文中,我们经常会引用一些名人名言。这里就向大家介绍一些,务必要全部脱口而出!
  Culture 文化篇
  1.A great poem is a fountain forever overflowing with the waters of wisdom and delight.(P. B. Shelley , British poet )伟大的诗篇即是永远喷出智慧和欢欣之水的喷泉。(英国诗人 雪莱. P. B)
  2.Art is a lie that tells the truth .( Picasso , Spanish painter )美术是揭示真理的谎言。 (西班牙画家 毕加索)
  3.Humor has been well defined as thinking in fun while feeling in earnest. (Mark Twain , American novelist )幽默被人正确地解释为"以诚挚表达感受,寓深思于嬉笑"。(美国小说家 马克·吐温)
  4.The decline of literature indicates the decline of a nation; the two keep in their downward tendency.( Johan Wolfgang von Goethe , German poet )文学的衰落表明一个民族的衰落。这两者走下坡路的时间是齐头并进的。(德国诗人歌德 . J . W .)
  5.When one loves one's art no service seems too hard .(O. Henry, American novelist)一旦热爱艺术,什么奉献也不难。 (美国小说家 欧·亨利)
  Education 教育篇
  6.And gladly would learn , and gladly teach .( Chaucer , British poet)勤于学习的人才能乐意施教。(英国诗人, 乔叟)
  7.Better be unborn than untaught , for ignorance is the root of misfortune.(Plato , Ancient Greek philosopher)与其不受教育,不如不生,因为无知是不幸的根源.(古希腊哲学家 柏拉图)
  Friendship 友谊篇
  8. Some friends come and go like a season. Others are arranged in our lives for good reason.(Sharita Gadison)一些朋友随季节离去,而另外一些则伴我们度过美好的季节。
  9.A true friend is someone you can disagree with and still remain friends. For if not, they weren't true friends in the first place.(Sandy Ratliff)真朋友是可以与你有不同见解的,如果不是,首先就不是真朋友。
  10.True friendship is felt, not said.(Mariecris Madayag)朋友是说不出的感觉。
  11.Friends are like stars,you don't always see them, but you know they're always there.(Hulali Luta)朋友是感觉不到的存在。
  12.Memories last forever, never do they die. Friends stay together, never say goodbye.(Melina Campos)记忆永不死,朋友永不说再见。
  Health 健康篇
  13.light heart lives long.( William Shakespeare , British dramatist )豁达者长寿(英国剧作家莎士比亚. W.)
  14.Early to bed and early to rise , makes a man healthy , wealthy and wise.(Benjamin Franklin , American president )早睡早起会使人健康、富有和聪明。 (美国总统 富兰克林. B.)
  15.The first wealth is health .( Ralph Waldo Emerson , American thinker )健康是人生第一财富。 (美国思想家爱默生. R. W.)
  Happiness 幸福篇
  16.A lifetime of happiness! No man alive could bear it; it would be hell on earth. (G. Bernard Shaw, British dramatist)终身幸福!这是任何活着的人都无法忍受的,那将是人间地狱。(英国剧作家肖伯纳. G.)
  17.Happiness is form courage .(H. Jackson, British writer)幸福是勇气的一种形式。 (英国作家 杰克逊. H.)
  18.Happiness lies not in the mere possession of money ; it lies in the joy of achievement , in the thrill of creative effort .(Franklin Roosevelt ,American president )幸福不在于拥有金钱,而在于获得成就时的喜悦以及产生创造力的激情。(美国总统 罗斯福. F.)
  19.Most folks are about as happy as they make up their minds to be .(Abraham Lincoln ,American president )对于大多数人来说,他们认定自己有多幸福,就有多幸福。(美国总统 林肯. A.)
  20.The supreme happiness of life is the conviction that we are loved .(Victor Hugo , French novelist )生活中最大的幸福是坚信有人爱我们。( 法国小说家 雨果. V .)
  21.We have no more right to consume happiness without producing it than to consume wealth without producing it . (George Bernard Shaw , British dramatist)正像我们无权只享受财富而不创造财富一样,我们也无权只享受幸福而不创造幸福.(英国剧作家肖伯纳. G. )
  Ideal 理想篇
  22.Do not, for one repulse, give up the purpose that you resolved to effect. (William Shakespeare , British dramatist)不要只因一次失败,就放弃你原来决心想达到的目的。(英国剧作家莎士比亚.W.)
  23.Don't part with your illusions . When they are gone you may still exist,but you have ceased to live. (Mark Twain , American writer)不要放弃你的幻想。当幻想没有了以后,你还可以生存,但是你虽生犹死.(美国作家马克·吐温)
  24.Ideal is the beacon. Without ideal, there is no secure direction;without direction, there is no life. ( Leo Tolstoy , Russian writer)理想是指路明灯。没有理想,就没有坚定的方向;没有方向,就没有生活。(俄国作家托尔斯泰. L .)
  25.If winter comes , can spring be far behind ?(P. B. Shelley, British poet)冬天来了,春天还会远吗? ( 英国诗人, 雪莱. P. B.)
  26.Living without an aim is like sailing without a compass.Alexander Dumas (Davy de La Pailleterie, French Writer)生活没有目标就像航海没有指南针。 (法国作家 大仲马. A.)
  27.The only limit to our realization of tomorrow will be our doubts of today.(Franklin Roosevelt , American president)实现明天理想的唯一障碍是今天的疑虑。 (美国总统 罗斯福. F .)
  Knowledge 知识篇
  28.Activity is the only road to knowledge.(George Bernard Shaw , British dramatist)行动是通往知识的唯一道路 。 (英国剧作家 肖伯纳. G.)
  29.Imagination is more important than knowledge .(Albert Einstein , American scientist )想象力比知识更为重要。 (美国科学家 爱因斯坦. A. )
  30.Knowledge is power . (Francis Bacon , British philosopher )知识就是力量。 (英国哲学家 培根. F.)
  Struggle 奋斗篇
  31.Genius only means hard-working all one's life. ( Mendeleyev , Russian Chemist)天才只意味着终身不懈的努力。 (俄国化学家门捷列耶夫)
  32.I have nothing to offer but blood , toil tears and sweat . (Winston Churchill, British Politician)我所能奉献的没有其它,只有热血、辛劳、眼泪与汗水。(英国政治家 丘吉尔 . W.)
  33.Patience is bitter, but its fruit is sweet . (Jean Jacques Rousseau , French thinker)忍耐是痛苦的,但它的果实是甜蜜的。 (法国思想家 卢梭. J. J.)
  34.There is no royal road to science ,and only those who do not dread the fatiguing climb of gaining its numinous summits . (Karl Marx, German revolutionary )在科学上没有平坦的大道,只有不畏劳苦沿着其崎岖之路攀登的人,才有希望达到它光辉的顶点。( 德国革命家马克思. K .)
  35.Where there is a will , there is a way .( Thomas Edison , American inventor )有志者,事竟成。 (美国发明家 爱迪生. T.)
  二、精彩必背部分。
  在作文中经常有一些好句子可以借鉴,为此,特总结如下,务必全部脱口而出。
  1.According to a recent survey, four million people die each year from diseases linked to smoking. 依照最近的一项调查,每年有4,000,000人死于与吸烟有关的疾病。
  2. The latest surveys show that quite a few children have unpleasant associations with homework.最近的调查显示相当多的孩子对家庭作业没什么好感。
  3. No invention has received more praise and abuse than Internet. 没有一项发明像互联网一样同时受到如此多的赞扬和批评。
  4. Many experts point out that physical exercise contributes directly to a person’s physical fitness.
  许多专家指出体育锻炼直接有助于身体健康。
  5.写信的开头:Very glad to receive your letter of July 13.
  6.One day after school,XiaoMing passed a Café on his way home.
  7.The boss had no choice but to let him in.
  8.How he enjoyed himself on the computer!
  9.Walking home full of fear,he was sure that he would be scolded.
  10.However,other students are against the idea.
  11.Sometimes we have too many examinations which are too difficult for us.
  12.today’s activity has taught us the new meaning of the spirit of LeiFeng:sharing with others what you have—you time,energy,or knowledge—makes you fell warm in you heart.It has truly a difference in how  I feel about myself.
  13.The girl whose composition was well written is spoken highly of.
  14.No matter what he says,I won’t believe.
  15. Thanks to the good weather,our journey was comfortable.
  16. At the news of his death,she went pale with sorrow.
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发表于 2016-6-27 12:45:00 | 显示全部楼层

  三、写作指导
  多使用过渡性词语。这样使文章更加连贯、更具有逻辑性。
  (1)表示增加的过渡词:also,and,and then,too,in addition,furthermore,moreover,again,on top ofthat,another,first second third等。
  (2)表示时间顺序的过渡词:now,then,before,after,afterwards,earlier,lat er,immediately,soon,next,in afew days,gradually,suddenly,finally等。(3)表示空间顺序的过渡词:near(to),far(from),in frontof,behind,beside,beyond,above,below,tothe right left,around,outside等。
  (4)表示比较的过渡词:in thesameway,justlike,justas等。
  (5)表示对照的过渡词:but,still,yet,however,on theotherhand,onthecon trary,in spite of,even though等。
  (6)表示结 果 和 原 因 的 过 渡 词:because,since,so,as a result,therefore,then,thus,otherwise等。
  (7)表示目的的过渡词:forthisreason,forthispurpose,so that等。
  (8)表示强调的过渡词:in fact,indeed,surely,necessarily,certainly,withoutanydoubt,truly,torepeat,aboveall,mostimportant等。
  (9)表示解释说明的过渡词:forexample,in fact,in thiscase,foractually等。
  (10)表示总结的过渡词:finally,atlast,inconclusion,asIhaveshown,inoth erword,in brief,in short,in general,on the whole,ashasbeen stated等。
  四、获得高分的英语书面表达的六大特性。
  (1)条理性。指的是合理布局文章结构。首先,在文章思路、组织材料、叙述顺序等方面要有一定的条理性。其次,根据需要,安排好段落,各段之间要层次分明,也要重视每一段的开头和结尾,开头语往往是总起句,结尾语往往是总结句。
  (2)准确性。指要求写出语法正确的句子,包括时态、语态、用词和句法等,要准确、地道地表达。必须要牢牢掌握一些常用句型或习惯表达,避免中式英语,在实践中不断总结中英用法的差异,养成用英语思维写作的习惯。
  (3)流畅性。指根据整篇文章思想的需要,有效采用不同的连接手段,使文章层次清楚、行文连贯。(4)简洁多样性。简洁性就是语言简洁,不重复。多样性就是能随情景内容的变化写出句式多样的语句。这也是新课程标准对写作的评价标准。
  (5)思想性。新标准对写作的要求,增加了情感因素,在准确流畅表达写作要点的同时,适当增加句子的感情色彩,增加一些人情味,使文章读起来更亲切,完全达到与读者进行交流的目的。
  (6)美观性。指的是卷面书写规范、清楚、干净、整洁。
  五、写作步骤
  每次写作前问自己四个问题:这篇文章的体裁格式是怎样的?主体时态用什么时态?人称用第几人称?可以分几段,之间用什么过渡词、连接词?带着这四个问题去审题,搞清楚文章的主要内容,然后列出提纲。最后丰富自己的提纲就可以了。
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