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高级教师解答高考英语考试题型之完形填空

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发表于 2016-6-27 12:24:19 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
  导读:高考将至,在高考中,语文、数学、英语是三个必考的科目,也是比较重要的科目,在高考中,英语卷上的完形填空题是一个难点,以下是执教于江苏省新海高级中学的高级教师王洪怡老师为大家解答英语完形填空试题的难点。
  阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项ABCD中,选出最佳答案。
  One windy spring day, I observed young people having fun using the wind to fly their kites. Multicolored creations of 1 shapes and sizes filled the skies like beautiful birds darting and dancing. As the strong winds blew 2 the kites, a string kept them in 3 .
  Instead of blowing away with the wind, they arose against it to 4 great heights. They shook and pulled, but the restraining(约束)string and the 5 tail kept them in tow(拖绳), facing upward and against the wind. 6 the kites struggled and 7 against the string, they seemed to say, “Let me go! Let me go! I want to be 8 !” They flew beautifully 9 as they fought the restriction of the string. Finally, one of the kites succeeded in 10 loose. “Free at last,” it seemed to say. “Free to fly with the wind.”
  Yet freedom from restraint 11 put it at the 12 of an unsympathetic breeze. It fluttered (摇晃)ungracefully to the ground and landed in a tangled mass of weeds and string against a dead bush. “Free at last” free to lie powerless in the dirt, to be blown 13 along the ground, and to stop flying lifeless against the first obstacle.
  How much like kites we sometimes are. The Heaven gives us trouble and restrictions, rules to follow 14 we can gain strength. However, Some of us 15 the rules so lightly that we never reach the heights we 16 have obtained. We just keep some of the rules and never rise high enough to get our tails 17 the ground.
  Let us each 18 to the great heights, recognizing that some of the restraints that we may think 19 are actually the steadying 20 that helps us ascend and achieve.
  1 A various B similar
  C sameD different
  2 A toB against
  C withD for
  3 A troubleB sight
  C needD check
  4 A flyB make
  C achieveD take
  5 A heavyB big
  C lightD small
  6 A BecauseB As
  C AfterD Though
  7 A flewB moved
  C wentD trembled
  8 A freeB alone
  C highD busy
  9 A onlyB even
  C thenD but
  10 A breakingB dropping
  C reducingD throwing
  11 A certainlyB easily
  C surelyD simply
  12 A handB mercy
  C powerD control
  13 A beautifullyB gently
  C helplesslyD hopefully
  14 A from whichB to which
  C in whichD by which
  15 A makeB take
  C regardD consider
  16 A mayB must
  C mightD need
  17 A toB away
  C offD from
  18 A ariseB raise
  C  liftD rise
  19 A troublesomeB dull
  C necessaryD important
  20 A powerB force
  C effortD process
  下一页:答案与解析
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发表于 2016-6-27 12:42:00 | 显示全部楼层

  答案与解析:
  1 A 可以想象春天年轻人在一起放的风筝是各种各样的。
  2 B 根据常识,放风筝是逆着风向的。
  3 D 放风筝时要一直掌控风筝,所以用短语“keep check”。
  4 C achieve great heights 意思是能够飞得更高。
  5 A 根据常识,风筝尾巴相对比较重。
  6 B 根据句意“在…时候”。
  7 D 指风筝在空中摇摇摆摆。
  8 A 根据上文Let me go得出答案。
  9 B 根据句意,即使在风筝挣扎着要摆脱约束的过程中,因为约束力的存在,它的飞行仍然是美丽的。
  10 A break loose是固定短语,意思是“摆脱了约束”。
  11 D 只是,简单的说。作者要表达摆脱这种必要的约束没有给它带来任何益处。
  12 B at the mercy of 固定搭配,意思是“受…摆布”。
  13 C 其它三个选项都是褒义词,在这儿应为贬义。
  14 A from which中的 which指rules。
  15 B take…lightly 意为不重视…。
  16 C 虚拟语气。指本来可以达到而事实上未达到的高度。
  17 C off the ground意思是“离开地面”。
  18 D 在这四个词里只有rise与介词to搭配。
  19 A 根据全文意思,那些让我们觉得烦恼的规则实际上是使得我们前进的动力。
  20 B 约束是一种外在的力量而power一般为“能源,实力或权力等”。
  作者简介:王洪怡,高级教师,执教于江苏省新海高级中学。
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