高考论坛

 找回密码
 立即注册
查看: 744|回复: 0

高考英语语法时态与语态实例点拨

[复制链接]

11万

主题

11万

帖子

33万

积分

论坛元老

Rank: 8Rank: 8

积分
338765
发表于 2016-6-27 12:25:05 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
  高考英语语法时态与语态句子背诵
  一般现在时(经常、习惯、真理格言、时刻表、主将从现)
  do / does → am / is / are done
  常搭配的时间状语:always, often, usually, sometimes, at times, on Saturdays, every day, once a month, frequently, every+基数词+可数名词复数(每隔…) …
  翻译:
       1.就像老话说的那样,失败是成功之母。
  As the saying goes, failure is the mother of success.
  2.我们每两周回家一次。
  We go home every other week.
  3.他每天早上5:30起床,晚上10:00上床睡觉。
  He gets up at 5:30 every morning and go to bed at 10:00 every night.
  4.作业每天都做。(用被动语态)
  Homework is done everyday.
  5.我们家附近有一家医院,这对我们很必要。
  There is a hospital nearby which is necessary for us.
  6.我的航班于上午10点钟起飞。
  My flight takes off at 10:00 AM.
  7.如果你尽力的话你会成功的。
  You’ll succeed if you try your best.
  8.他一来我就告诉他这件事。
  I’ll tell him about it as soon as he comes.
  补充:want, hope, plan, expect, intend, mean, suppose, think本身一般现在时后接不定式表示将来的含义
  9.我打算上一所重点大学。
  I expect to go to a key university.
  做题法宝:一看主语定单复数、定语态,二看状语或其他句子中的动词定时态
  一.一般过去式
  did → was/were done
  常搭配的时间状语:yesterday, last week/month, ago, in the past, in 1980, in the 1980s, the day before yesterday, the other day(不久前的一天), at that time, later that day, once upon a time,…
  翻译:
       1.我小学上了五年。
  I studied at the primary school for five years.
  2.我半年前加入了这个俱乐部。
  I joined the club half a year ago.
  3.自从他加入到这个俱乐部已经半年了。
  It has been half a year since I joined the club.
  4..他在拐角处停下把空瓶子扔进了垃圾箱。
  He stopped at the corner and dropped the empty bottle into the dustbin.
  5.从1952年到1959年他在部队当了7年兵。
  He served in the army from 1952 to 1959 for seven years.
  6.中国不再是它过去的样子了。
  China is no longer what it used to be.
  7.过去,他写了五部小说。
  Five novels were written by him in the past.
  8.是时候努力学习了。
  It’s high time that you worked hard.
  9.如果我是你的话,我会更努力学习Englishtec。
  If I were you, I would work harder.
  三、现在完成时(动作始于过去,持续到现在,并可能继续下去)
  has / have done →has / have been done
  常搭配的时间状语:lately, recently, in/over/during the past/last few days, these days, so far, by now, up to now, till now,…
  1.这是到这个学校以来,我出席的最重要的讲座。
  It is the most important lecture that I have attended since I came to this school.
  2.到目前为止,Tom已经学了2000个英语单词了。
  So far, Tom has learned 2000 English words.
  3.她教英语有20年了。
  She has taught English for 20 years.
  4.你去过伦敦吗?
  Have you ever been to London?
  5. So far, progress _____has been______ (be) very good and we are sure that the work________will be finished________
  (finish) on time.
  6.—I ____haven’t found________(find) the book till now.
  ---Don’t worry. You may have left it at home.
  7.His first novel _____has received________(receive) good reviews since it___came out_____(出版、发行) last month.
  8.In the past few years thousands of films ___have been produced_________(produce) all over the world.
  四、过去完成时
  had done → had been done
  常搭配的时间状语: by then, until then,by that time, before 2000, by the end of last month, by the time he was ten,…
  过去完成时的用法:
  1.过去的过去;到过去某个时间为止的动作
  2.hardly/scarely(过完)… when(一般过去)
  no sooner(过完)… than(一般过去) 表示“刚…就…”
  3.It/This/That was + the 序数词 time + that (过完) “那是第几次做…”
  4.hope, expect, think, intend, want, suppose等用于过去完成时时表示未实现的希望、打算或意图,意为“原本…”
  1.他说他在国外呆了3年了。
  He said he had been abroad for 3 years.
  2.在我回家之前他已经离开了。
  He had left before I got home.
  3.到上个学期末,我已经学了3000歌单词。
  By the end of last term, I had learnt 3000 words.
  4.比赛刚刚开始就开始下雨了。
  Hardly had the game began when it started to rain.
  5.那是他第三次犯同一个错误了。
  It was the third time that he had made the same mistake.
  6.我本想帮你的,但当时太忙了。
  I had intended to help you, but I was too busy.
  五、现在进行时
  am/is/are doing →am/is/are being done
  现在进行时的用法:
  1.说话时或者现阶段正在进行的动作;
  2.某些短暂性动词如come/go/start/ open /close/arrive/return/begin/leave用于进行时表示按计划、安排即将发生的动作;
  3.与always / continually/ constantly/forever/all the time 连用表示反复出现或习惯性的动作,含有厌恶、赞赏、遗憾等情绪
  1.我们的朋友现在正在外边等我们呢。
  Our friends are waiting for us outside.
  2.她现在正在大学学英语。
  She is studying English in college.
  3.我爸妈这周六要来看我。
  My parents are coming to see my this Statuary.
  4.他总是先想到其他人。
  He is always thinking of others first.
  5.教学楼正在被建。
  The building is being built now.
  六、过去进行时
  was/were doing → was/were being done
  常用时间状语:at this/that time + 过去时间;at…o’clock + 过去时间;from…to…+过去时间; those days; just now; last night
  1.昨天晚上9点钟你在干什么呢?
  What were you doing at nine last night?
  2.那个男孩子正在写作业的时候突然他爸爸进来了。
  The boy was doing his homework when his father came in.
  七、一般将来时
       will do → will be done
  1.老师一来,我们就开始上课。
  We will begin our class as soon as the teacher comes.
  2.——Sorry, I forgot to buy the book you need.
  ——It doesn’t matter. I __will____ go myself.
  3.Look at the clouds. It __is going to___________ rain.
  4. They are to be married in this May. (按计划安排要发生的动作,非个人能随意改变)
  5. 你妈回来之前你不要出去。(要求或命令他人做某事)
  You are to stay home until your mother comes back.
  6. He is to succeed. (注定)
  7. The Queen ____is to_______visitJapanin a week’s time.
  8. The train ___is about to leave_______ (leave).火车马上就要离开。
  八、过去将来时
       would do → would be done
  表示从过去某个时间看将要发生的动作或存在的状态,有过去时间或动作作参照。Was/were about to do ….when…该句型很少与表示将来的具体时间状语连用,但可以和when引导的状语连用。
  1.他说他会在车站等我们。
  He said he would wait for us at the bus stop.
  2.我正准备出门的时候我的一位老朋友来了。
  I was to about to go out when one of my old friends came.
  九、将来进行时
       will be + doing→ will be being done
  表将来某个时间正在发生的动作,或按计划一定会发生的事情。
  明天这会我正在写作业。
  I’ll be doing my homework this time tomorrow.
  十、将来完成时
       will have +done → will have been done
  表在将来某时刻之前业已完成的事情,时间状语非常明显。
  常用的时间状语一般用by+将来的时间。如:by the end of this year, by 8 o’clock this evening, by March next year以及由by the time…, before或when等引导的副词从句。
  到下个月底,他就已经学了3000个单词了。
  By the end of next month, he will have learnt 3000 words.
推荐阅读:
2016高考资讯 | 2016艺考 | 2016自主招生 | 2016中国大学排行榜 | 最美校花盘点
1月高考关注:特殊类型招生与港澳高校内地招生
中国校友会网:2016年中国各类型大学排行榜
2016年全国高考考试大纲权威解读(共9科)
25所高校招办解读2016年艺术类专业招生政策
调查称2015年高校毕业生月起薪平均为4187元
武汉大学女神黄灿灿 清纯扮相引人眼球(组图)
回复

使用道具 举报

您需要登录后才可以回帖 登录 | 立即注册

本版积分规则

小黑屋|手机版|Archiver|新都网 ( 京ICP备09058993号 )

GMT+8, 2024-2-25 09:09 , Processed in 0.075661 second(s), 7 queries , WinCache On.

Powered by Discuz! X3.4

© 2001-2017 Comsenz Inc.

快速回复 返回顶部 返回列表