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英语十大魔鬼动词记准了让你至少提30分!

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发表于 2016-6-27 12:25:12 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
 动词(或谓语结构)是句子的灵魂。无论是对话还是段落,对句意的把握很大程度上依赖对句中谓语结构的理解。听力对动词的妙用已达到出神入化的地步。看似简单、幼稚的小词只要搭配不同,其含义便有天壤之别。正是这种动词的多变性,给我们的解题带来了巨大干扰,因而掌握和突破这些动词显得犹为重要。
  1.Catch
  catch a cold 感冒;受凉
  catch fire 着火;变得流行,火起来
  catch hold of 抓住
  catch on 流行;领会
  catch on to 理解
  catch one’s breath喘气;休息
  catch one’s eye /attention 引人注目/引起注意
  catch sight of 看见
  catch up with 赶上
  2.Come
  come along 过来;进展,发展
  come along with 随同
  come across 偶尔遇见,偶尔发现
  come at 袭击;拜见
  come by 从旁走过
  come around 到来/苏醒,恢复/改变看法或立场
  come around / round to 赞成;同意
  come back 回来/想起,记起
  come by获得,得到;拜访,串门
  come between 离间,使分开,使产生隔阂
  come down with 因……而病倒;患…病
  come down 流传
  come to the point 抓住要点
  come into contact with 与……接触
  come in for 遭到,受到(责备等):
  The reporter’s work came in for criticism.come on 发生,赶快
  come off 发生,举行
  come off it 别傻了,别闹笑话了,别出洋相了
  come out 发行;被告知;结果是;公开宣称
  come into operation 启用
  come to a standstill 停止
  come to a stop 停止;到站
  come to an end 结束
  come to light 真相大白;显露
  come true 梦想成真
  come through 按要求(或期望)做:I asked for their help, and they came through.我向他们求助,他们就帮了我。
  come up to达到;符合;不辜负
  (live up to)come up with 提出;赶上
  come upon 偶然发现(或遇见)
  come a long way 取得进展;明显提高
  come all the way 远道而来;大老远跑来
  come in handy 迟早有用
  come into being 诞生,形成
  come out of 从(某场所)出来;出自
  come to one’s mind 想起
  come to think of it 回头想起
  come to an agreement 达成协议
  come what may 无论如何
  3. Do
  do a favor 帮忙
  do good to 有益于
  do harm to 有害于
  do damage 使受到损失
  do (one) in 使精疲力竭;杀死
  do (one) out of 骗取:His partners did him out of his fair share of the money.他的生意伙伴把他该得的那笔钱骗走了。
  do away with 废除;去掉
  do (one’s) own thing 做自己最喜欢(最擅长的事)的事
  do or die 需要拼命,需要全力以赴
  do over 重做,返工;重新装饰(或装修)
  do one’s best 竭尽全力
  4. Get
  get across 穿过;清楚表达;使理解
  get accustomed to = get used to 习惯于
  get along 进展;相处;度日
  get at 暗示;够得着,触及;
  get away with 逃脱
  get bored doing 厌倦做某事
  get by (勉强)对付过去,(勉强)过活;溜走;勉强过得去
  get down to 开始处理;开始认真对待
  get down 使难过get hurt 受伤
  get one’s hopes up 使某人产生希望
  get even with 扯平
  get going 开始
  get hold of 掌握;了解
  get in the way 挡道
  get in 进入,被允许进入;到达
  get in touch with 与……建立联系
  get somewhere/nowhere 有(无)进展
  get off the ground 有所进展;突破
  get off 被允许离开;逃脱惩罚,逃避义务;
  get on one’s nerves 使……心烦
  get on 和睦相处;变老;继续,继续进行,进步;
  5. Go
  go about 流传;开始做(复杂的事);继续
  go after 追求;追逐
  go along 配合:she decided to go along with their plans for the surprise party.
  go around 足够供应,谣言流传;四处走动
  go beyond 超出;胜过
  go back on 违背(诺言等)
  go by 凭……判断;顺便拜访
  go down 下降;下跌;消肿;被记住(铭记)
  go Dutch 各付个的;AA制
  go in (into) 详细调查;从事
  go in for 赞成;参加(考试);热衷于
  go off 消失;变质;爆炸,发出响声
  go off on me 对我发脾气
  go on with = go ahead 继续
  go out 出去;泄密;过时;停止运转,熄灭;约会
  go out of one’s way to do sth.不辞辛苦做...
  go over 参观;复习;仔细检查;被接受(得到赞许);
  go through 通过;经历;完成
  go through with 把…进行到底,完成,实现
  go steady (和某人)正式确定恋爱关系
  go up 上升;增长;上涨
  go under 倒闭,失败,垮掉
  go all out 全力以赴;竭尽全力
  go out of business 歇业;停业
  go without saying 不用说,不言而喻
  on the go 忙个不停的
  go through a lot of money 花了很多钱
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