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2016年高考英语阅读《人物传记故事类》阅读训练及答案

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发表于 2016-8-2 12:51:28 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
高考阅读理解是考生头疼的题型,很多考生在阅读理解上丢分严重,在平常大家要多做英语阅读理解练习,这样阅读理解的答题能力就能提高,下面学大教育网为大家带来2016年高考英语阅读《人物传记故事类》阅读训练及答案,希望对大家提高英语水平有帮助。
1、阅读理解
Cheaters called “pirates” often use camcorders(便携式摄像机) and cell phones to make illegal copies of blockbusters in the local theater. These pirates then sell those recordings on the street or over the Internet for very low prices. Some share them for free.
“It’s unfair for people to pirate movies,” says 15-year-old Hadaia Azad Ezzulddin. Movie piracy “takes money out of the pockets of thousands of people in the movie industry,” she notes. Victims include famous actors and directors as well as local theater owners and their employees.
Hadaia came up with an idea that could help stop movie piracy. Hadaia’s idea uses infrared(红外线的) light. This range of light is invisible to the human eye. It is visible, however, to many types of cameras. Theater owners could place small infrared lights on their movie screens. The lights would not disturb people watching the movie. It would, however, distort the recordings made by many types of cameras.
To test her idea, Hadaia built a box with a movie screen inside. Then, she projected images on that screen through a hole in the box. She took recordings of those images, using nine different types of cameras. These included the types found in cell phones as well as camcorders. During some tests, she also turned on light emitting diodes(发光二极管), or LEDs. The LEDs were embedded(植入的)in a certain place behind the movie screen. They gave out infrared light.
Sure enough, she showed, a pirated movie included odd stripes or spots if it had been recorded while the LEDs were on. It might be possible to use the LEDs to flash the date and time on the movie screen. The information would then appear in the illegal recordings. Theater owners or police might use the information to track down the pirates.
Cutting down on piracy might get more people into theaters to watch the real movie instead of an illegal copy. Six out of every ten films now produced aren’t profitable. They don’t make enough money to recover how much was spent to make and market them. Such a poor payback can discourage filmmakers from producing anything but the types expected to become blockbuster hits. It might also keep smaller theaters from showing a wider variety of movie types.
【小题1】From what Hadaia says in Paragraph 2, we can infer that _______.
A.most people spend less money on pirates moves
B.the pirates don’t have to pay for the movie tickets
C.theater owners will increase the price of movie tickets
D.she strongly criticizes those who video movies in the theater
【小题2】Infrared lights are put on the movie screens to _______.
A.adjust the brightness of the movie screens
B.make sure the images of movies are dark
C.make illegal copies of movies unpleasant to see
D.protect the eyesight of viewers in the darkness
【小题3】What is the correct order of the steps in Hadaia’s test?
a. She projected pictures on the screen.
b. She used cameras to record the pictures.
c. She turned on the LEDs placed behind the screen.
d. She made a special box with a movie screen inside.
A.d c a b B.d b a c
C.b a c d D.b c a d
【小题4】According to the last paragraph, we can know that _______.
A.forty percent of movies now are profitable
B.small theaters often choose to show low-cost movies
C.more and more people go to theaters to fight movie piracy
D.filmmakers prefer to produce ordinary movies than blockbusters
2、阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
Should we allow modern buildings to be built next to older buildings in a historic area of a city? In order to answer this question, we must first examine whether people really want to preserve the historic feel of an area. Not all historical buildings are attractive. However, there may be other reasons—for example, economic(经济的) reasons—why they should be preserved. So, let us assume that historical buildings are both attractive and important to the majority of people. What should we do then if a new building is needed?
In my view, new architectural styles can exist perfectly well alongside an older style. Indeed, there are many examples in my own hometown of Tours where modern designs have been placed very successfully next to old buildings. As long as the building in question is pleasing and does not dominate(影响) its surroundings too much, it often improves the attractiveness of the area.
It is true that there are examples of new buildings which have spoilt(破坏) the area they are in, but the same can be said of some old buildings too. Yet people still speak against new buildings in historic areas. I think this is simply because people are naturally conservative(保守的) and do not like change.
Although we have to respect people's feelings as fellow users of the buildings, I believe that it is the duty of the architect and planner to move things forward. If we always reproduced what was there before, we would all still be living in caves. Thus, I would argue against copying previous architectural styles and choose something fresh and different, even though that might be the more risky choice.
【小题1】What does the author say about historical buildings in the first paragraph?
A.Some of them are not attractive.
B.Most of them are too expensive to preserve.
C.They are more pleasing than modern buildings.
D.They have nothing to do with the historic feel of an area.
【小题2】Which of the following is TRUE according to the author?
A.We should reproduce the same old buildings.
B.Buildings should not dominate their surroundings.
C.No one understands why people speak against new buildings.
D.Some old buildings have spoilt the area they are in.
【小题3】By “move things forward”in the last paragraph, the author probably means “_________”.
A.destroy old buildings
B.choose new architectural style
C.put things in a different place
D.respect people's feelings for historical buildings
【小题4】What is the main purpose of the passage?
A.To explain why people dislike change.
B.To warn that we could end up living in caves.
C.To argue that modern buildings can be built in historic areas.
D.To admit how new buildings have ruined their surroundings.
3、One of the latest trends(趋势) in American Childcare is Chinese au pairs.Au Pair in Stamford, Conn, for example, has got increasing numbers of request for Chinese au pairs from aero to around 4, 000 since 2004.And that’s true all across the country.
“I thought it would be useful for him to learn Chinese at an early age” Joseph Stocke, the managing director of a company, says of his 2-year old son.“I would at least like to give him the chance to use the language in the future, ” After only six months of being cared by 25-year-old woman from China, the boy can already understand basic Chinese daily expressions, his dad says.
Li Drake, a Chinese native raising two children in Minnesota with an American husband, had another reason for looking for an au pair from China.She didn’t want her children to miss out on their roots.” Because I am Chinese, my husband and I wanted the children to keep exposed to(接触) the language and culture.” she says.
“Staying with a native speaker is better for children than simply sitting in a classroom, ” says Suzanne Flynn, a professor in language education of Children.”But parents must understand that just one year with au pair is unlikely to produce wonders. Complete mastery demands continued learning until the age of 10 or 12.”
The popularity if au pairs from china has been strengthened by the increasing numbers of American parents who want their children who want their children to learn Chinese.It is expected that American demand for au pairs will continue to rise in the next few years.
【小题1】What does the term” au pair” in the text mean?
A.A mother raising her children on her own
B.A child learning a foreign language at home
C.A professor in language education of children
D.A young foreign woman taking care of children.
【小题2】Li Drake has her children study Chinese because she wants them ______.
A.to live in China some day
B.to speak the language at home
C.to catch up wit other children
D.to learn about the Chinese culture
【小题3】What can we infer from the text?
A.Learning Chinese is becoming popular In America,
B.Educated woman do better in looking after children
C.Chinese au pairs need to improve their English Skills.
D.Children can learn a foreign language well in six months.
4、Researchers from France and Italy discovered that Canadian parents are less strict with their children than mothers and fathers in France and Italy.
“Our most important finding was the difference between Canadians and the others,” said Professor Michel Claes,the lead author of the study.“Canadians focus on independence and negotiation.On the other hand,Italians,for example,exercise more control.We found Canadians seem to focus on negotiation in case of a conflict.”
Claes said Canada,France and Italy were selected for the study because they share important cultural and social factors.“We chose French¬Canadians because they share the same language as France,and originally came from France and share certain values.Italy was included because it was considered to have similar,strong and important family values,” he explained.
The researchers examined the emotional ties between parents and their children by questioning 1,256 students aged 11 to 19 years old.
Canadian students reported less control and more free actions,according to the study.Italian parents were stricter and French parents were somewhere in the middle.
Claes explains that the differences lie in education in Canada,France and Italy.
“North America has its own educational values,which promote individualization.Tolerance and comprehension are encouraged.Italy,on the other hand,promotes respect of authority,control,and the need for permission.” he said.
Children from all three countries described their mothers as warm and communicative.Italian and Canadian children had similar feelings about their fathers,and reported high levels of emotional ties.But French fathers were generally thought by their children to be more distant and cold.
“We were surprised by this,” Claes admitted.“It seems as though the relationships between French mothers and their children were becoming closer over time,while fathers maintain a form of distance and coldness,which is more of a source of conflict in France than in the other countries.”
【小题1】Professor Michel Claes believes that Canada,France and Italy ________.
A.have the same family spirit
B.have some similar cultural traditions
C.have experienced some similar social changes
D.have experienced similar cultural developments
【小题2】How did the researchers carry out the study ?
A.By collecting answers of parents from Canada,France and Italy.
B.By collecting answers of children from Canada,France and Italy.
C.By questioning parents and their children from Italian Canadian families.
D.By questioning children from French¬Canadian families.
【小题3】According to Michel Claes,what mainly leads to the differences in parent¬children relationships among Canada,France and Italy?
A.Educational opportunities.
B.Traditional ideas.
C.Educational values.
D.Historical events.
【小题4】Which of the following is NOT a finding of the study?
A.French children have troubled relationships with their parents.
B.Canadian children have close relationships with their parents.
C.Italian children have good relationships with their parents.
D.Kids from Canada,France and Italy have closer ties with their moms.
5、阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中, 选出最佳选项。
According to the US government, wind farms off the Pacific coast could produce 900 gigawatts of electricity every year.Unfortunately, the water there is far too deep for even the tallest windmills to touch bottom.An experiment under way off the coast of Norway, however, could help put them anywhere.
The project, called Hywind, is the world’s first large-scale deepwater wind turbine (涡轮发电机).Although it uses a fairly standard 152-ton, 2.3-megawatt turbine, Hywind represents totally new technology.The turbine will be fixed 213 feet above the water on a floating spar, a technology Hywind’s creator, the Norwegian company StatoilHydro, has developed recently.The steel spar, which is filled with stones and goes 328 feet below the sea surface, will be tied to the ocean floor by three cables ; these will keep the spar stable and prevent the turbine from moving up and down in the waves.Hywind’s stability in the cold and rough sea would prove that even the deepest corners of the ocean are suitable for wind power.If all goes according to the plan, the turbine will start producing electricity six miles off the coast of southwestern Norway as early as September.
To produce electricity on a large scale, a commercial wind farm will have to use bigger turbines than Hywind does, but it’s difficult enough to balance such a large turbine so high on a floating spar in the middle of the ocean.To make that turbine heavier, the whole spar’s center of gravity must be moved much closer to the ocean’s surface.To do that, the company plans to design a new kind of wind turbine, one whose gearbox (变速箱) sits at sea level rather than behind the blades.
Hywind is a test run, but the benefits for perfecting floating wind-farm technology could be extremely large.Out at sea, the wind is often stronger and steadier than close to shore, where all existing offshore windmills are planted.Deep-sea farms are invisible from land, which helps overcome the windmill-as-eyesore objection.If the technology catches on, it will open up vast areas of the planet’s surface to one of the best low-carbon power sources available.
【小题1】The Hywind project uses totally new technology to ensure the stability of_________.
A.the cables which tie the spar to the ocean floor
B.the spar which is floating in deep-sea water
C.the blades driven by strong and steady sea wind
D.the stones filled in the spar below the sea surface
【小题2】To balance a bigger turbine high on a floating spar, a new type of turbine is to be designed with its gearbox sitting_________.
A.on the sea floor
B.on the spar top
C.at sea level
D.behind the blades
【小题3】Wide applications of deepwater wind power technology can_________.
A.solve the technical problems of deepwater windmills
B.make financial profits by producing more turbines
C.settle the arguments about environmental problems
D.explore low-carbon power resources available at sea
6、As a society we might want to rethink the time and money spent on education,so that these resources can benefit a greater percentage of the population.Ideally,both high schools and colleges can prepare individuals for the ever-changing roles.
High school degrees offer far less in the way of preparation for work than they might,or than many other nations currently offer,creating a growing skills gap in our economy.We encourage students to go on to college whether they are prepared or not,or have a clear sense of purpose or interest,and now have the highest college dropout rate in the world.
We might look to other countries for models of how high schools can offer better training,as well as the development of a work ethic(美德)and the intellectual skills needed for continued learning and development.
Meanwhile,the liberal arts(人文学科)become more important than ever.In a knowledge economy where professional roles change rapidly and many college students are preparing for positions that may not even exist yet,the skill needed is one that prepares them for change and continued learning.
Learning to express ideas well in both writing and speech,knowing how to find information,and knowing how to do research are all solid background skills for a wide variety of roles,and such training is more important than any particular major in a liberal arts college.We need to continue to value broad preparation in thinking skills that will serve for a lifetime.
Students also need to learn to work independently and to make responsible decisions.The lengthening path to adulthood appears exacerbated(恶化)by parental involvement in the college years.Given the rising investment in college education,parental concern is not surprising,but learning where and when to intervene will help students take more ownership of the outcomes of these increasingly costly educations.
【小题1】What kind of education does the author think is ideal?
A.It benefits the great majority of the general population.
B.It prepares students to meet the future needs of society.
C.It encourages students to learn throughout their lives.
D.It ensures that students’ expectations are successfully fulfilled.
【小题2】What is the feature of a knowledge economy?
A.People have to receive higher education to qualify for a professional position.
B.Students majoring in liberal arts usually have difficulty seeking a job.
C.New positions are constantly created that require people to keep learning.
D.Colleges find it hard to teach students how to cope with the changing economy.
【小题3】According to the author,a liberal arts college should focus on________?
A.solid background knowledge in a particular field
B.practical skills urgently needed in current society
C.basic skills needed for change and lifelong learning
D.useful thinking skills for advanced academic research
【小题4】What suggestion does the author offer to parents?
A.Rethinking the value of higher education.
B.Investing wisely in their children’s education.
C.Helping their children to bring their talent into full play.
D.Avoiding too much intervention in their children’s education.
            
            
               
            
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    7、Owning a smartphone may not be as smart as you think.They may let you surf the Internet,listen to music and snap photos wherever you are...but they also turn you into a workaholic,it seems.A study suggests that,by giving you access to emails at all times.the all-singing.all-dancing mobile phone adds as much as two hours to your working day.
    Researchers found that Britons work an additional 460 hours a year on average as they are able to respond to emails on their mobiles.The study by technology retailer Pixmania,reveals the average UK working day is between nine and ten hours,but a further two hours is spent responding to or sending work emails,or making work calls.Almost one in ten admits spending up to three hours outside their normal working day checking work emails.Some workers confess they are on call almost 24 hours a day,with nine out of ten saying they take work emails and calls outside their normal working hours.Nearly two-thirds say they often check work emails just before they go to bed and as soon as they wake up,while over a third have replied to one in the middle of the night.
    Ghadi Hobeika,marketing director of Pixmania,said:“The ability to access literally millions of apps,keep in contact via social networks and take photos and video as well as text and call has made smartphones valuable for many people.However,there are drawbacks.Many companies expect their employees to be on call 24 hours a day,seven days a week,and smartphones mean that people literally cannot get away from work.The more constantly in contact we become。The more is expected of us in a work capacity.”
    【小题1】The text is probably taken from___________.
    A.a scientific report
    B.a financial report
    C.a newspaper
    D.a literary journal
    【小题2】The underlined word “drawbacks” in the last paragraph probably means_________.
    A.advantages B.faults C.mistakes D.features
    【小题3】Ghadi may agree that___________.
    A.employees are supposed to be on call 24 hours a day
    B.the ability to access many apps made smartphones worthless
    C.smartphones might turn a person into a workaholic
    D.people literally cannot get away from work without smartphones
    【小题4】What is the main idea of this passage?
    A.Smartphones are lengthening working hours
    B.Smartphones are becoming valuable for many people
    C.Britons work art additional 460 hours a year on average
    D.Smartphones are more beneficial to our life than we think
    8、“Old wives tales” are beliefs passed down from one generation to another, For example, most of us remember our parents’ telling us to eat more of certain foods or not to do certain things.Is there any truth in these teachings? Some of them agree with present medical thinking, but others have not passed the test of time.
    Did your mother ever tell you to eat your carrots because they are good for your eyes? Scientists now report that eating carrots can help prevent a serious eye disease called macular degeneration.Eating just one carrot a day can reduce the possibility of getting this disease by 40%.Garlic is good for you, too.It can kill the type of virus that causes colds.
    Unfortunately, not all of Mom’ s advice passed the test of medical studies, For example, generations of children have been told not to go swimming within an hour after eating.But research suggests that there is no danger in doing so.Do sweets cause tooth problems? Well, yes and no.Sticky sweets made with grains tend to cause more problems than sweets made with simple sugars.
    Even though science can tell us that some of our traditional beliefs don’t hold water, there is still a lot of truth in the old wives’ tales.After all, much of this knowledge has been accumulated from thousands of years of experience in family health care.We should respect this body of knowledge even as we search for clear scientific support to prove it true or false.
    【小题1】Which of the following is TRUE according to the test?
    A.Eating garlic is good for our eye
    B.Carrots prevent people from catching colds.
    C.Swimming after a meal is dangerous.
    D.Sticky sweets are damaging to our teeth.
    【小题2】The author develops the third paragraph mainly________.
    A.by cause and effect
    B.by order in space
    C.by examples
    D.by order in time
    【小题3】The phrase “hold water” in the last paragraph most probably means”_____”.
    A.to be suitable
    B.to be valuable
    C.to be admirable
    D.to be believable
    【小题4】What’s the author’s attitude towards “old wives’ tales” in the text?
    A.objective
    B.subjective
    C.dissatisfied
    D.curious
    9、People are being lured(引诱)onto Facebook with the promise of a fun, free service, and don’t realize that they’re paying for it by giving up loads of personal information.Facebook then attempts to make money by selling their data to advertisers that want to send targeted messages.
    Most Facebook users don’t realize this is happening.Even if they know what the company is up to, they still have no idea what they’re paying for Facebook, because people don’t really know what their personal details are worth.
    The biggest problem, however, is that the company keeps changing the rules.Early on, you could keep everything private.That was the great thing about Facebook—you could create your own little private network.Last year, the company changed its privacy rules so that many things—your city, your photo, your friends’ names—were set, by default(默认), to be shared with everyone on the Internet.
    According to Facebook’s vice president Elliot Schrage, the company is simply making changes to improve its service, and if people don’t share information, they have a “less satisfying experience.”
    Some critics think this is more about Facebook looking to make more money.Its original business model, which involved selling ads and putting them at the side of the page, totally failed.Who wants to look at ads when they’re online connecting with their friends?
    The privacy issue has already landed Facebook in hot water in Washington.In April, Senator Charles Schumer called on Facebook to change its privacy policy.He also urged the Commission to set guidelines for social-networking sites.“I think the senators rightly communicated that we had not been clear about what the new products were and how people could choose to use them or not to use them,” Schrage admits.
    I suspect that whatever Facebook has done so far to invade(侵犯)our privacy, it’s only the beginning,which is why I’m considering deactivating(撤销) my account.Facebook is a handy site, but I’m upset by the idea that my information is in the hands of people I don’t trust.That is too high a price to pay.
    【小题1】What do we learn about Facebook from the first paragraph?
    A.It is a website that sends messages to targeted users
    B.It makes money by putting on advertisements
    C.It earns money by selling its user’s personal data
    D.It provides a lot of information to its users
    【小题2】What does the author say about most Facebook users?
    A.They don’t know their personal data enriches Facebook
    B.They are unwilling to give up their personal information
    C.They don’t identify themselves when using website
    D.They care very little about their personal information
    【小题3】Why does Facebook make changes to its rules according to Elliot Schrage?
    A.To help its users make more friends
    B.To obey the Federal guidelines
    C.To make money by attracting more users
    D.To offer better service to its users
    【小题4】What does Senator Charles Schumer argue for?
    A.Setting guidelines for advertising on websites
    B.Setting rules for social-networking sites
    C.Stopping sharing user’s personal information
    D.Removing ads from all social-networking sites
    【小题5】Why does the author plan to stop using his Facebook account?
    A.He is dissatisfied with its service
    B.He finds many of its users untrustworthy
    C.He doesn’t want his personal data abused
    D.He is upset by its frequent rule changes
    10、阅读A、B、C三篇材料,然后从各小题所给的四个选项中选出最佳选项。
    The Winter Olympics is also called the White Olympics.At this time, many colorful stamps are published to mark the great Games.The first stamps marking the opening came out on January 25, 1932 in the United States for the 3rd White Olympics.From then on, publishing stamps during the White Olympics became a rule.
    During the 4th Winter Olympic Games a group of stamps were published in Germany in November 1936.The five rings of Olympics were drawn on the front of the sportswear.It was the first time that the rings appeared on the stamps of the White Olympics.
    In the 1950s, the stamps of this kind became more colorful.When the White Olympics came, the host countries as well as the non-host countries published stamps to mark those Games.China also published four stamps in February 1980, when the Chinese sportsmen began to take part in the White Olympics.
    Japan is an Asian country that has ever held the White Olympics.Altogether 14,500 million stamps were sold to raise money for this sports meet.
    Different kinds of sports were drawn on these small stamps.People can enjoy the beauty of the wonderful movements of some sportsmen.            
                
                   
                
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    【小题1】The White Olympics and the Winter Olympics _______.
    A.are the same thing
    B.are different games
    C.are not held in winter
    D.are held in summer
    【小题2】The world made it a rule to publish stamps to mark the great world Games ______.
    A.after the year 1936
    B.after the 3rd Winter Olympics
    C.before the 3rd White Olympics
    D.before the year 1932
    【小题3】The Winter Olympics is held once ________.
    A.every two years
    B.every three years
    C.every four years
    D.every five years
    【小题4】Which of the following is true?
    A.Only the host countries can publish stamps to mark those Games.
    B.Only the non-host countries can publish stamps to mark those Games.
    C.All the countries can publish stamps to mark those Games.
    D.Japan can’t publish stamps to mark those Games.
    【小题5】What may appear on the stamps of the White Olympics?
    A.Basketball
    B.Table tennis.
    C.Football
    D.Skating.
    11、In order to help customers find what they want quickly, it’s important to keep the thousands of titles in the Main Street Movies store organized properly. This section of the Employee Handbook will tell you how to organize videos.
    Each Main street Movies store has three main sections:
    1. New Releases Wall.
    2. Film library.
    3. Video Games.
    New Releases Wall. Almost 70 percent of movie rentals are new releases, and that is the first place where most customers go when they enter the store. The center section of shelves on this wall holds Hottest Hits. When new titles come into the store, place them on this wall in alphabetical order. The shelves beside Hottest Hits are called Recent Releases. The New Releases Wall, including the Hottest Hits and Recent Releases shelves, holds about 350 titles.
    Film Library. The thousands of titles in the Film Library are organized into categories. The films within each category are displayed alphabetically. Here are the categories and their two-letter computer codes:
    AC Action DR Drama HO Horror
    CH Children FA Family MU Music
    CO Comedy FL Foreign Language SC SCIENCE Fiction
    Foreign Language titles include films that were originally made in a foreign language and films with foreign language subtitles. A sticker on the back of each box tells which type of film it is.
    Video Game. All the video games in Main street Movies are arranged in alphabetical order. Although video games represent only a small percentage of our inventory(库存), they are stolen more often than any other type of goods in our store. Therefore, video games are never displayed on the shelves. Shelves in the Video Game section hold cardboard with pictures and information about each game. When a customer wants to rent a particular game, you then find the game from the locked case behind the counter.
    【小题1】Whom do you think this passage is most probably addressed to?
    A.The readers in the store.
    B.The manager of the store.
    C.The customers in the store.
    D.The salespersons of the store.
    【小题2】In which order are the new movies moved in the store?
    A.From Hottest Hits to Film Library to Recent Releases.
    B.From Film Library to Hottest Hits to Recent Releases.
    C.From Recent Releases to Film Library to Hottest Hits.
    D.From Hottest Hits to Recent Releases to Film Library.
    【小题3】Why can’t video games be seen on the shelves?
    A.Because they’ve been sold out.
    B.Because they’re in the storehouse.
    C.Because they’re in a locked case behind the counter.
    D.Because they represent a small percentage of the inventory.
    【小题4】How can a customer find a film with foreign language subtitles?
    A.Check the computer.
    B.Look at the back of the box.
    C.Check the center section.
    D.Watch a few minutes of the film.
    12、How to stick to your own opinion in socializing ?
    When it comes to your life , the opinion of others should matter very little . I am not talking about your friends and family , but others who have no importance in your reality – like your social peers and others like them . They are unimportant to your life , and yet you secretly struggle for approval at the cost of your own . Remember , your opinion is king .
    Start by being your true self . Allowing your true self to appear and connect with people on a more real level helps them in turn do the same with you . There is openness and honesty in the interaction . At the end of the day this is what we all want – the joy of true and meaningful connections .
    Next , evaluate your decisions . Are they representing who you are or are they the result of other people’s opinion ? Practice your ability not to be affected by pressure and learn to take nothing personally . When we are bothered by outer criticisms , it influences and changes our behavior . Don’t look to others for guidance on how to behave . Don’t look for approval . If you don’t need approval , you won’t have a reason to try to impress people or be impressed by them .
    And finally , be real in EVERY situation . As you express your real self , others will think highly of you and the few who don’t – don’t matter anyway . Be willing to be judged , and then not take it to heart . If all this is a bit scary , then start small . Rather than not caring at all what others think , start by just caring a little less . No one outside your inner circle should get a vote or pass judgment or have influence on how you live your life .
    【小题1】The text is especially helpful for those who want to __________ .
    A.enlarge friend circle
    B.speak highly of others
    C.remain unaffected by others’ opinions
    D.develop the ability to make wise decisions
    【小题2】Being real can help people __________ .
    A.get honest relations B.gain courage
    C.take nothing too personal D.avoid criticisms
    【小题3】What are people advised to do in order to stick to their opinions in socializing ?
    A.Care about no one’s opinion .
    B.Look for guidance on behaviors .
    C.Impress people by making changes .
    D.Start by taking others’ judgment less seriously .
    13、LONDON---The International Table Tennies Federation(ITTF) plans to work with Bill Gates, the chairman of Microsoft Corporation, to promote(促进) table tennis in the United States, ITTF President
    Adham Sharara said.
    The plan was put forward after Gates came to London to watch the game between US teen player Ariel Hsing and Chinese Li Xiaoxia on Sunday, Sharara told Xinhua in an interview.
    Sharara didn’t disclose the details, but said that Gates offered to help after watching Hsing’s match, in which the 16-year-old girl nearly pulled off one of the biggest upsets in Olympic table tennis history, pushing No. 2 seed Li to the limit before losing 4-2 in six tight sets.
    “Gates was surprised to see the young American girl played so well. He asked me what he can do to help promote table tennis in the United States. I think we’ll work with him. If the United States becomes very strong in table tennis, it’s also good for China,” Sharara said.
    Sharara said the case is a “good example” which shows that ITTF’s efforts in promoting the popularity. The ITTF has changed its rules for the London Games, allowing only two players from one nation to enter the singles events. Three players from each National Olympic Committee(NOC) were allowed to enter the singles in previous Games.
    “The reason we do this is to help more NOCs to join in our game. If we give more chances to the top countries, someone like Hsing will not come to the Olympic Games. They have no chance. But if we give them the chance, we can see what they can do,” Sharara said.
    Sharara said the change increased the pressure on strong teams, like China, Japan, South Korea and Germany. “But they understand now because they saw other NOCs attending. Some countries before had no chance to play in table tennis, but now they are joining in table tennis.”
    Other changes made to the Olympic Games include the color of floor (from red to blue) and new table design. “As far as presentation is concerned, we try to change all the time, especially in the Olympic Games. We hope to give audiences something new, exciting and cool.”
    Table tennis has long been the strengths of Asia, especially China. Since the sport was introduced into the Olympics in 1988, China has taken 20 of 24 gold medals available. Four years ago in Beijing, it claimed six medals in the men’s and women’s singles.
    Talking about the development of table tennis, Sharara said, “China has the responsibility to promote the sport. Of course, China has done a lot.”
    【小题1】It is mainly reported in this news that in order to promote table tennis in the United States, _______.
    A.ITTF will cooperate with Gates
    B.Gates watched Hsing’s match
    C.some rules have been changed
    D.Hsing pushed Li Xiaoxia to the limit
    【小题2】What gave Gates more confidence to promote table tennis in the United States?
    A.The Olympic spirits.
    B.The popularity of table tennis.
    C.Sharara’s patient persuasion.
    D.Ariel Hsing’s wonderful performance.
    【小题3】Which of the following is ITTF’s purpose of making changes to the London Games?
    A.To attract more local audience to the matches.
    B.To prevent strong table tennis teams developing.
    C.To promote the popularity of table tennis.
    D.To give Asian teams chances to join in the match.
    【小题4】The following paragraph will most probably talk about_____________.
    A.the table tennis rules B.Gate’s detailed plan
    C.what China has done D.sports in the United States
    14、ORTOTROT? I heard that word while studying in Australia. It is a local language for “Are you ready (to go)?”. And at Sydney Airport, I asked the way to the train station and a man told me“Go ask that “bloke” over there.” “Bloke” is used in Australia and refers to a person. “Day” and “die” sound almost alike and since “a”, “i” and “o” all sound almost the same, I have always told my Australian friends, jokingly, that they only need 24 letters, and not 26 like the rest of us do.
    Australian English began to be different from British English in 1788 and has many words that some consider unique (独特的) to the language, such as outback, meaning a remote, sparsely-populated (人口稀少的) area. Early settlers from England brought other similar words, phrases and usages to Australia. “Bonzer”, which was once a common Australian word meaning “great” or “beautiful”, is thought to have been an American term. The American influence on language in Australia has come from pop culture, the mass media (books, magazines and television programmes) and the Internet. Australian English is most similar to New Zealand English for their similar history.
    Words of Irish origin are used, some of which are also common elsewhere in Irish, such as “tucker” for “food”. Some native English words whose meanings have changed under Irish influence, such as “paddock” for “field”, which has exactly the same meaning as the Australian “paddock”are still in use.
    【小题1】According to the passage, we know Australian English .
    A.has special characters
    B.is a kind of old language
    C.is very difficult to learn
    D.is the same as British English
    【小题2】Why did the writer tell his Australian friends they only need 24 letters?
    A.Because Australians never use “a” or “i”.
    B.Because Australians speak very easy English.
    C.Because there are 3 letters having similar pronunciation.
    D.Because there are some different ways to call the same thing.
    【小题3】Australian English is most similar to New Zealand English because .
    A.they learn from each other
    B.they have similar history
    C.the two countries have the same political system
    D.people from the two countries often travel to each other’s country
    【小题4】The American influence on Australian English comes from the following EXCEPT .
    A.pop culture B.the Internet
    C.computer software D.the mass media
                
                
                   
                
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    发表于 2016-8-2 16:19:28 | 显示全部楼层
    15、C
    More surprising,perhaps,than the current difficulties of traditional marriage is the fact that marriage itself is alive and thriving (兴盛).As Skolnick notes,Americans are marrying people—relative to Europeans,more of us marry and we marry at a younger age.Moreover,after a decline in the early 1970s,the rate of marriage in the United States is now increasing.Even the divorce rate needs to be taken in this pro-marriage context: some 80 percent of divorced individuals remarry.Thus,marriage remains,by far,the preferred way of life for the vast majority of people in our society.
    What has changed more than marriage is the nuclear family.Twenty-five years ago,the typical American family consisted of a husband,a wife and two or three children.Now,there are many marriages in which couples have decided not to have any children.And there are many marriages where at least some of the children are from the wife’s previous marriage,or the husband’s,or both.Sometimes these children spend all of their time with one parent from the former marriage;sometimes they are shared between the two former spouses.
    Thus,one can find the very type of family arrangement.There are marriages without children;marriages with children from only the present marriage;marriages with “full time”children from the present marriage and “part-time” children from former marriages.There are stepfathers,stepmothers,half-brothers,and half-sisters.It is not all the unusual for a child to have four parents and eight grandparents! There are enormous changes from the traditional nuclear family.But even so,even in the midst of all this,one thing remains constant: most Americans spend most of their adult lives married.
    【小题1】By calling Americans marrying people the author means that ______.
    A.more of Americans,as compared with Europeans,prefer marriage and they accept it at a younger age
    B.Americans expect more out of marriage than Europeans
    C.there are more married couples in USA than in Europe
    D.Americans are more traditional than Europeans
    【小题2】Which of the following can be presented as the picture of today’s American families?
    A.A typical American family consists of only a husband and a wife.
    B.Many types of family arrangements have become socially acceptable.
    C.Americans prefer to have more kids than before.
    D.There are no nuclear families any more.
    【小题3】Even though great changes have taken place in the structure of American families ______.
    A.the functions of marriage remain unchanged
    B.most Americans prefer a second marriage
    C.the vast majority of Americans still have faith in marriage
    D.marriage is still enjoyed by all Americans
    16、B
    In Britain and other countries,young people sometimes take a “gap year,” a year off between high school and college.This idea never gained a big following in America.Recent news reports have suggested that interest may be growing,though there are no official numbers.
    Charles Deacon,Dean of Admissions at Georgetown University in Washington,D.C.,estimates that in the current first-year class of 1,600 students,only about 25 decided to take a year off.He says this number hasn’t changed much over the years.
    Mr.Deacon says the most common reason for taking a “gap year” is to have a chance to travel,but he says international students may take a “gap year” to meet requirements at home for military duty.
    Some high school graduates see a year off as a chance to recover after twelve years of required education,but it can also give students a chance to explore their interests.Students hoping to be doctors,for example,could learn about the profession by volunteering in a hospital.
    Many colleges and universities support gap-year projects by permitting students to delay their admission.Experts say students can grow emotionally and intellectually as they work at something they enjoy.
    The Harvard admissions office has an essay on its Web site called “Time Out or Burn Out for the Next Generation.” It praises the idea of taking time off to step back,think and enjoy gaining life experiences outside the pressure of studies.It also notes that students are sometimes admitted to Harvard or other colleges partly because they did something unusual with that time.
    Of course,a gap year is not for everyone.Students might miss their friends who go on directly to college,and parents might worry that their children will decide not to go to college once they take time off.Another concern is money.A year off,away from home,can be costly.
    Holly Bull’s job is to specialize in helping students plan their gap year.She notes that several books have been written about this subject.She says these books along with media attention and the availability of information on the Internet have increased interest in the idea of a year off,and she points out that many gap-year programs cost far less than a year of college.
    【小题1】What is the passage mainly about?
    A.If you want to go to an American university,take a gap year first.
    B.More and more American students are choosing to take a year off.
    C.It is likely that taking a “gap year” is becoming popular in America.
    D.Americans hold different opinions towards students’ taking a “gap year”.
    【小题2】How many reasons for students’ taking a “gap year” are mentioned in the passage?
    A.2 B.3 C.4 D.5.
    【小题3】The essay “Time Out or Burn Out for the Next Generation.” suggests that ______.
    A.every student must take a“gap year”before applying for a famous university
    B.some famous universities encourage students to gain more life experiences
    C.taking a‘gap year’can make students free from life learning
    D.the stress of studies does harm to the students’ health
    【小题4】What can we learn from the passage?
    A.Charles Deacon doesn’t support the idea of the students’ taking a “gap year”.
    B.Books and media have contributed to the students’ interest in school learning.
    C.Parents might disagree with the program,concerned about their children’s future.
    D.Experts agree taking a year off will benefit the students emotionally and physically.
    17、(D) Only two countries in the advanced world provide no guarantee for paid leave from work to care for a newborn child.Last spring one of the two,Australia,gave up the bad distinction by setting up paid family leave starting in 2011.I wasn’t surprised when this didn’t make the news here in the United States—we’re now the only wealthy country without such a policy.
    The United States does have one explicit family policy,the Family and Medical Leave Act,passed in 1993.It entitles workers to as much as 12 weeks’ unpaid leave for care of a newborn or dealing with a family medical problem.Despite the modesty of the benefit,the Chamber of Commerce and other business groups fought it bitterly,describing it as “government-run personnel management” and a “dangerous precedent(先例).” In fact,every step of the way,as (usually) Democratic leaders have tried to introduce work-family balance measures into the law,business groups have been strongly opposed.
    As Yale law professor Anne Alstott argues,justifying parental support depends on defining(定义)the family as a social good that,in some sense,society must pay for.Parents are burdened in many ways in their lives: there is “no exit” when it comes to children.Society expects—and needs—parents to provide their children with continuity of care.And society expects—and needs—parents to persist in their roles for 18 years,or longer if needed.
    【小题1】What do we learn about paid family leave according to Paragraph 1?
    A.It came as a surprise when Australia adopted the policy.
    B.Setting up this policy made Australia less influential.
    C.It has now become a hot topic in the United States.
    D.No such policy is applied in the United States.
    【小题2】What makes it hard to take work-family balance measures in the States?
    A.The incompetence of the Democrats.
    B.The opposition from business circles.
    C.The lack of a precedent in American history.
    D.The existing Family and Medical Leave Act.
    【小题3】What is Professor Anne Alstott’s argument for parental support?
    A.Children need continuous care.
    B.Good parenting benefits society.
    C.The cost of raising children has been growing.
    D.The U.S.should keep up with other developed countries.
    【小题4】Why is the author against classifying parenting as a personal choice?
    A.Parenting is regarded as a moral duty.
    B.Parenting relies largely on social support.
    C.Parenting produces huge moral benefits.
    D.Parenting is basically a social responsibility.
    18、What benefits can you have from a film? A well-made film offers a whole world of things to watch. First there are the story aspects — the plot,characters, dialogue and themes. Then there are the technical aspects — the camera work, cuttings and special effects. And there are many other things, like the credits, musical score and the acting. Awell-made film offers much more than you see in one viewing (观看).
    Films are a means of communication. They can tell you things, just as newspapers do, or television,or any other means of communication. Sometimes they communicate important things to you, like ideasor lifestyles or ways of looking at the world. Sometimes people are aware of this, and sometimes not.The more you are aware of this, the better you are.
    Notice, for example, the way films sometimes affect fashion. A star dresses or wears her hair in a certain way, and suddenly everyone is imitating (模仿) her. Boys in the 1950s could sometimes be seen wearingblack leather jackets, idling (闲逛) on street corners and smoking cigarettes. They were imitating Marion Brando. His films taught them a certain way to behave.
    Films can also teach politics. In Star Wars, the heroes were a bunch of lovable incompetents (无能者) fighting with guts (胆量) and not much else. They were, in fact, rather like the British in the early days of WW II. Their enemies, like the Nazis, had a big advantage in equipment and numbers of troops, and they were like the Nazis in discipline and heartlessness too. The whole film, in fact, was a re-run (重演) of WW II, and taught values like faith and love of liberty. This is all to the good, but the point is, did you notice it?
    【小题1】All of the following are mentioned as noticeable aspects of a film EXCEPT________.
    A.the list of names of actors and directors,etc.
    B.the cost of a film
    C.the music for a film
    D.the language used in a film
    【小题2】The last sentence in Paragraph 1 probably means ________.
    A.a high quality film can be appreciated repeatedly from different angles
    B.a good film always attracts a lot of viewers
    C.a well¬ made film usually has more than one theme
    D.one can never find out how many characters there are in a good film
    【小题3】It can be inferred from the passage that in his film,Marion Brando was ________.
    A.a motorist who always wore a black leather jacket
    B.a homeless man who died of excessive smoking
    C.a rebellious man during WWⅡ
    D.an idler who didn't have any serious things to do
    【小题4】Star Wars is a film________.
    A.about WWⅡ B.for politics
    C.reflecting WWⅡ D.for peace lovers
    19、In Eastern Europe, blue jeans symbolize (象征) American culture and “the good life”. In Spain they are known as “cowboys”. In China, jeans are known as “niuzaiku”, also, “cowboy trousers”, which means they are connected with the American West cowboy culture and outdoor work.
    Jeans are usually made from denim (粗布), but may also be made from other materials. The earliest known cloth for jeans was a thick cotton cloth from the Indians. At first they were working clothes. They became popular among teenagers in the 1950s. Today jeans are a very popular form of casual wear around the world and come in many styles and colors.
    Jeans were first made in Genoa in Italy. The trousers were made for the Genoese navy (海军) because they needed trousers which could be worn wet or dry, and whose legs could be easily rolled up while the men were cleaning the ships. These jeans would be washed by pulling them in large fishing nets behind the ship, and the sea water would make them white.
    In the 1850s Levi Strauss, a business man living in San Francisco, was selling blue jeans under the “Levi’s” name to the coal workers of California.
    During World War II, the coal workers liked jeans very much because they were strong and did not tear easily. In the 1950s, jeans became popular with young people in the United States. Wearing of blue jeans by teenagers was the symbol of rebels (反叛者) in TV programmes and movies. Some cinemas and restaurants refused to let people in if they wore blue jeans. In the 1980s, jeans finally became high fashion clothing, when famous designers started making their own styles of jeans, with their own labels on them. Sales of jeans went up and up.
    【小题1】From the first paragraph we know that ________.
    A.cowboys wear jeans only
    B.cowboys live a good life
    C.American culture is cowboy culture
    D.cowboy culture is usually related to the West of America
    【小题2】Jeans were first made in ______.
    A.Italy B.America C.Spain D.China
    【小题3】From Paragraph 4 we know that “Levi’s” was ____.
    A.the name of a worker
    B.the brand (名牌) of a kind of jeans
    C.the name of a kind of cloth
    D.the nickname of a businessman
    【小题4】Why the people who wore blue jeans were refused to go into the cinema in the 1950s?
    A.Because jeans were made for workers.
    B.Because jeans were made of denim.
    C.Because it was during the time of war.
    D.Because wearing jeans was the symbol of rebels.
    20、The China Daily newspaper group is looking for English-language senior business editors, senior copy editors, copy editors and graphic designers to strengthen its international team. We offer a competitive salary package, free accommodation with utilities paid for, 90 per cent medical reimbursement, a seven-day paid leave, eleven-day public holidays and a return ticket to the country of residence.
    Senior Business Editor
    You must:assist the business editor in setting goals and working on achieving them;be an excellent team person who can generate ideas and think creatively and be able to rewrite totally if needed and mentor junior staff;ideally have been working or have worked in a position of responsibility and understand what leadership entails;have had at least five years’ editing experience working on editing the Business Desk and be familiar with industry software.
    Senior Copy Editor
    You must:
    work on shifts in the Business Desk and usually have the last word before the page is sent to print;edit or rewrite copy and give snappy headlines and captions;have had at least two years’ editing experience working on editing desks and be familiar with industry software.
    Copy Editor
    You must:be good at editing or rewriting copy and writing snappy headlines and captions;be able to work on shifts for different pages, and usually have the last word before the page is sent to print;have two years of editing experience working on copy desks, and be familiar with industry software.
    Graphic Designer
    You must:
    have excellent skills in information graphics;be good at illustrations and freehand drawings;be experienced in newspaper or magazine layouts;have a good sense of typography;have good news judgment;be well-versed with Macintosh software, including InDesign, Illustrator and Photoshop;be fluent in English.
    For enquiries or to apply, write to job @ chinadaily.com.cn.
    【小题1】What is the purpose of this passage?
    A.To describe the positions of the China Daily newspaper group.
    B.To describe the working conditions of the China Daily newspaper group.
    C.To tell you how to become part of this group.
    D.To advertise for recruiting some good employees.
    【小题2】What is NOT required about Graphic Designer?
    A.Be well-versed with Photoshop.
    B.Writing snappy headlines and captions.
    C.Having a good sense of typography.
    D.Have excellent skills in information graphics.
    【小题3】Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage?
    A.Free accommodations are available to the workers.
    B.The workers there can enjoy a seven-day leave without pay.
    C.The employees have the right to enjoy eleven-day public holidays.
    D.The senior business editor’s only job is to help the business editor to set goals.
    以上内容就是学大教育网为大家带来的2016年高考英语阅读《人物传记故事类》阅读训练及答案,希望我们能够认真练习,这样大家就能提高阅读理解能力。
                
                
                   
                
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